For each of the examples below representing a truncated argument (enthymeme) construct an additional sentence (or two) which could serve as a premise(s) that renders a valid (not necessarily sound) argument.
A needed assumption could be: Paraplegics cannot be not good lawyers.
(This in turn could be questioned to discover the assumptions underlying it.)
This requires more in the way of assumptions to render a valid argument.
Some might be:
These are sufficient to yield example B.
Remember: a valid argument is not necessarily a sound (or wise) one!
1. You cant trust Dan. He hasnt paid me the money he owes me.
2. Sams nervousness shows hes a coward.
3. Apples are inedible. Theyre made of granite.
4. John is an environmentalist, so he will vote against building the dam.
5. Olivia is a baker, so she cant dance.
6. Anne must be insane. She hums constantly.
7. Mary doesnt speak French. She must not be well-educated.
8. Phil is an epileptic. Thats why he failed.
9. Johns failure indicates his lack of dedication.
10. John must be a good teacher; hes such a caring person.TO TOP